Anzac Day 2022: When is it and what is the meaning behind it? LEST WE FORGET. Gallipoli Video 25th April.

Let us all remember that these people served & died for our country-Australia

Troops who gave their lives at Gallipoli and in other conflicts across the globe mourned on 25 April every year

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND – APRIL 24: A Titirangi house is decorated to commemorate Anzac Day, on April 24, 2020 in Auckland, New Zealand. New Zealanders are preparing to commemorate Anzac Day differently on 25 April due to the national COVID-19 lockdown currently in place. With traditional Anzac Day ceremonies cancelled due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, New Zealanders finding ways to remember the day while current lockdown restrictions are in place. Anzac day is a national holiday in New Zealand, traditionally marked by a dawn service held during the time of the original Gallipoli landing and commemorated with ceremonies and parades throughout the day. Anzac Day commemorates the day the Australian and New Zealand Army Corp (ANZAC) landed on the shores of Gallipoli on April 25, 1915, during World War 1. (Photo by Fiona Goodall/Getty Images)
MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA – APRIL 25 : Dignitaries line up during the Anzac dawn service, held at the Shrine of Remembrance, during the Anzac dawn service, held at the Shrine of Remembrance, on the 101st anniversary of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corp (ANZAC) landing on the Turkey’s Gallipoli Shores within the World War 1, on April 25, 2016 in Melbourne, Australia. Anzac Day is a national holiday in Australia, marked by a dawn service held during the time of the original Gallipoli landing. (Photo by Asanka Brendon Ratnayake/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Ancestor image of the Great War with bullets and a soil background.
Anzac Day, Lest we forget, April 25, poster. Vector illustration. EPS10

Anzac Day is observed on 25 April every year and honours members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzac) who lost their lives in foreign conflicts.

Cheering crowds greet World War One ANZAC soldiers as they march through London towards Westminster Abbey 1916. (Photo by Daily Mirror/Mirrorpix via Getty Images)

Originally inaugurated to mark the anniversary of Anzac troops entering the fray against the Ottomon Empire at Gallipoli in the First World War, the scope of this national day of remembrance has since been broadened out of respect for those killed during the Second World War and on subsequent peacekeeping missions around the globe.

Australian soldiers, some with shovels, training at Mena Camp near Cairo during World War One, circa 1915. (Photo by Bob Thomas/Popperfoto via Getty Images)

In addition to Australia and New Zealand, Anzac Day is also marked in the Cook Islands, Niue, the Pitcairn Islands and Tonga and by ex-pats across the world.

Flowers adorn a World War I memorial to the ANZACs.

The Gallipoli campaign in 1915 saw 8,709 Australian troops and 2,721 New Zealanders killed in the Allied attempt to recapture the peninsula and open up the Black Sea en route to claiming Constantinople and disabling a key German ally.

Ataturk would later welcome the first Antipodeans to visit the Gallipoli battlefields and “Anzac Cove” – where the soldiers first landed – in 1934 by reciting a poem, the words of which are now inscribed on a monolith at Ari Burnu Cemetery on the beach and at memorials in Canberra and Wellington.

The ultimate sacrifice made by Anzac soldiers on behalf of the Commonwealth had a profound impact on both countries and the “Anzac spirit” of the period is still invoked to stir national unity.

Australian And New Zealand Troops Landing On The Beach At Gallipoli,Turkey, April 25, 1915 During World War I, After The Painting By Cyrus Cuneo. From The Story Of Seventy Momentous Years, Published By Odhams Press 1937. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)

King George V cheered by ANZAC troops at the Western Front, First World War, August 1916, (c1920). ‘His Majesty’s Visit to the Front…the New Zealanders’ welcome’. George V (1865-1936) on a morale-boosting trip to Dominion soldiers fighting in northern France and Belgium. From “The Great World War: A History”, Volume VI, edited by Frank A Mumby. [The Gresham Publishing Company Ltd, London, circa 1920]. Artist Unknown. (Photo by The Print Collector/Heritage Images via Getty Images)
To honour that tradition, commemorative services have been held on 25 April in both countries since 1916, when ex-servicemen first marched in remembrance of their late friends.

1917: Crowds line the dockside in Melbourne, as a troop ship prepares to depart. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

These are staged at dawn in tribute to the time of day Anzac forces first launched their attack, a custom first introduced at the Sydney Cenotaph in 1927.

Australian howitzer on the Somme front, World War I, c1914-c1918. Artist Unknown. (Photo by Historica Graphica Collection/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Wreaths are laid, hymns read and prayers spoken. The national anthems of both countries are sung and red poppies commonly placed beside the names of the dead at war memorials.

28th October 1914: British soldiers lined up in a narrow trench during World War I. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

The “Last Post” is also sounded by a regimental bugler and lines recited from Laurence Binyon’s 1914 poem “For the Fallen”, an ode written for those killed on the Western Front at the battles of Mons and Marne:

SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA – NOVEMBER 11: Ex-Servicemen salute after laying a wreath during the Remembrance Day service at the Cenotaph on November 11, 2016 in Sydney, Australia. This year marks the 98th anniversary of the Armistice which ended the First World War (1914-18). A one minute moment of silence is called at 11.00am on the 11th day of the 11th month to remember the members of armed forces who were killed at battle. (Photo by Dan Himbrechts – Pool/Getty Images)

“They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning,

We will remember them.”

Participants march in the Anzac Day parade in Sydney on April 25, 2019. – Anzac Day marks the April 25, 1915 landing of Australian and New Zealand forces at Gallipoli on the Turkish peninsula in an ill-fated campaign against the German-backed Ottoman forces. (Photo by Saeed KHAN / AFP) (Photo credit should read SAEED KHAN/AFP via Getty Images)

These observances are followed by military parades and further services throughout the day at major cities.

Another distinctive feature of the day is the Anzac biscuit, made according to a traditional recipe using oats, golden syrup and butter and served as a tangible connection to the past – the treat commonly sent by heartsick housewives to their men serving on the frontline as a hardy reminder of home.

The “gunfire breakfast”, entailing coffee with rum, is also served after many dawn services as a similar nod to the final repast many soldiers tasted before landing at Gallipoli, never to return.

Anzac Day’s popularity waned somewhat from the late 1960s over disillusionment about the Vietnam War and criticism of its political exploitation, but has since experienced a revival as many feel it serves as an important moment of national reflection and an opportunity to celebrate the best of Australian and New Zealand culture.

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Author: Henry